大佬手赚网

煤炭质量的基本指标检测-煤炭检测小知识

时间:2019-03-07

煤的水分分为两种,一是内在水分(Minh ) ,是由植物变成煤时所含的水分;二是外水(Mf ) ,是在开采、运输等过程中附在煤表面和裂隙中的水分.全水分是煤的外在水分和内在水分总和。一般来讲,煤的变质程度越大,内在水分越低。褐煤、长焰煤内在水分普遍较高,贫煤、无烟煤内在水分较低。

指标介绍:


一、水分(M )

SHUIFENDECUNZAIDUIMEIDELIYONGJIQIBULI,TABUJINLANGFEILEDALIANGDEYUNSHUZIYUAN,ERQIEDANGMEIZUOWEIRANLIAOSHI,MEIZHONGSHUIFENHUICHENGWEIZHENGQI,ZAIZHENGFASHIXIAOHAORELIANG;LINGWAI,JINGMEIDESHUIFENDUILIANJIAOYECHANSHENGYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。YIBANSHUIFENMEIZENGJIA2 % ,FARELIANGJIANGDI100kcal/kg(DAKA/QIANKE);YELIANJINGMEIZHONGSHUIFENMEIZENGJIA1 % ,JIEJIAOSHIJIANYANZHANG5 YI10min .


二、灰分(A )

MEIZAICHEDIRANSHAOHOUSUOSHENGXIADECANZHACHENGWEIHUIFEN,HUIFENFENWAIZAIHUIFENHENEIZAIHUIFEN。WAIZAIHUIFENSHILAIZIDINGBANHEJIAYANZHONGDEYANSHISUIKUAI,TAYUCAIMEIFANGFADEHELIYUFOUYOUHENDAGUANXI。WAIZAIHUIFENTONGGUOFENXUANDABUFENNENGQUDIAO。NEIZAIHUIFENSHICHENGMEIDEYUANSHIZHIWUBENSHENSUOHANDEWUJIWU,NEIZAIHUIFENYUEGAO,MEIDEKEXUANXINGYUECHA。HUISHIYOUHAIWUZHI.DONGLIMEIZHONGHUIFENZENGJIA,FARELIANGJIANGDI、PAIZHALIANGZENGJIA,MEIRONGYIJIEZHA;YIBANHUIFENMEIZENGJIA2% ,FARELIANGJIANGDI100kcal / kg ZUOYOU。YELIANJINGMEIZHONGHUIFENZENGJIA,GAOLULIYONGXISHUJIANGDI,JIAOTANQIANGDUXIAJIANG,SHIHUISHIYONGLIANGZENGJIA;HUIFENMEIZENGJIA1 % ,JIAOTANQIANGDUXIAJIANG2 % ,GAOLUSHENGCHANNENGJIUXIAJIANG3 % ,SHIHUISHIYONGLIANGZENGJIA4 %。


三、挥发分(V )

MEIZAIGAOWENHEGEJUEKONGQIDETIAOJIANXIAJIARESHI,SUOPAICHUDEQITIHEYETIZHUANGTAIDECHANWUCHENGWEIHUIFAFEN。HUIFAFENDEZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIJIAWAN、QINGJIQITATANQINGHUAHEWUDENG。TASHIJIANBIEMEITANLEIBIEHEZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAOZHIYI。YIBANLAIJIANG,SUIZHEMEITANBIANZHICHENGDUDEZENGJIA,MEITANHUIFAFENJIANGDI。HEMEI、QIMEIHUIFAFENJIAOGAO,SHOUMEI、WUYANMEIHUIFAFENJIAODI。


四、固定碳含量(FC )

GUDINGTANHANLIANGSHIZHICHUQUSHUIFEN、HUIFENHEHUIFAFENDECANLIUWU,TASHIQUEDINGMEITANYONGTUDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO。CONG100JIANQUMEIDESHUIFEN、HUIFENHEHUIFAFENHOUDECHAZHIJIMEIDEGUDINGTANHANLIANG。GENJUSHIYONGDEJISUANHUIFAFENDEJIZHUN,KEYIJISUANCHUGANJI、GANZAOWUHUIJIDENGBUTONGJIZHUNDEGUDINGTANHANLIANG。


五、全硫(St)

LIUSHIMEIZHONGDEYOUHAIYUANSU,BAOKUOYOUJILIU、WUJILIU。1%YIXIACAIKEYONGYURANLIAO。BUFENDIQUYAOQIUZAI0.6HE0.8YIXIA,XIANZAICHANGSHUODEHUANBAOMEI、LVSENENGYUANJUNZHILIUFENJIAODIDEMEI。CHANGYONGZHIBIAOYOU:KONGQIGANZAOJIQUANLIU(St,ad)、GANZAOJIQUANLIU(St.d)JISHOUDAOJIQUANLIU(St,ar)。


六、发热量(Q )

FARELIANGSHIZHIDANWEIZHILIANGDEMEIWANQUANDERANSHAOSHISUOCHANSHENGDERELIANG,ZHUYAOFENWEIGAOWEIFARELIANGHEDIWEIFARELIANG。MEIDEGAOWEIFARELIANGJIANQUSHUIDEQIHUAREJISHIDIWEIFARELIANG。FARELIANGGUOJIDANWEIWEIBAIWANJIAOER/QIANKE(MJ/kg ) ,CHANGYONGDANWEIDAKAJINKE,HUANSUANGUANXIWEI:1MJ / kg =239 . 14kcal / kg 、 1J = 0.239gcal 、1cal= 4 . l8J 。RUFARELIANG5500kcaL/ kg , 5500kcal / kg=5500÷239 . 14 = 23MJ/kg .WEIBIANYUBIJIAO,WOMENZAIHENGLIANGMEITANSHIXIAOHAOSHI,YAOBASHIJISHIYONGDEBUTONGFARELIANGDEMEITANHUANSUANCHENGBIAOZHUNMEI,BIAOZHUNMEIDEFARELIANGWEI29 . 27MJ/kg ( 7000kcal / kg )。GUONEIMAOYICHANGYONGFARELIANGBIAOZHUNWEISHOUDAOJIDIWEIFARELIANG( Qnet,ar) ,TAFANYINGMEITANDEYINGYONGXIAOGUO,DANWAIJIEYINSUYINGXIANGJIAODA,RUSHUIFENDENG,YINCIQnet,ar BUNENGFANYINGMEIDEZHENSHIPINZHI。GUOJIMAOYITONGYONGFARELIANGBIAOZHUNWEIKONGQIGANZAOJIGAOWEIFARELIANG( Qgr,ad) ,TANENGJIAOWEIZHUNQUEDEFANYINGMEIDEZHENSHIPINZHI,BUSHOUSHUIFENDENGWAIJIEYINSUYINGXIANG。ZAITONGDENGSHUIFEN、HUIFENDENGQINGKUANGXIA,KONGQIGANZAOJIGAOWEIFARELIANGBISHOUDAOJIDIWEIFARELIANGGAO1.25MJ/kg ( 300kcal / kg)ZUOYOU.


九、煤灰熔融性温度(灰熔点)

ZAIGUIDINGTIAOJIANXIADEDAODESUIJIAREWENDUERBIANHUADEMEIHUIRONGRONGXINGBIANXINGWENDU(DT )、RUANHUAWENDU( ST )、BANQIUWENDU(HT)、LIUDONGWENDU(FT ) ,CHANGYONGRUANHUAWENDU(ST )LAIBIAOSHI。HUIRONGRONGXINGWENDUYUEGAO,MEIHUIBURONGYIJIEZHA。YINGUOLUSHEJIBUTONG,DUIHUIRONGRONGXINGWENDUYAOQIUYEBUYIYANG。MEIHUIRONGRONGXINGWENDUDEGAODI,ZHIJIEGUANXIDAOMEIZUOWEIRANLIAOHEQIHUAYUANLIAOSHIDEXINGNENG,MEIHUIRONGRONGXINGWENDUDI,MEIHUIRONGYIJIEZHA,ZENGJIALEPAIZHADENANDU,YOUQISHIGUTAIPAIZHADEGUOLUHEYIDONGCHUANGDEQIHUALU,MEIHUIRONGRONGXINGWENDUYAOQIUJIAOGAO。


十三、焦渣特征(CRC )

MEITANREFENJIEYIHOUSHENGYUWUZHIDEXINGZHUANG。GENJUBUTONGXINGZHUANGFENWEI8 GEXUHAO,QIXUHAOJIWEIJIAOZHATEZHENGDAIHAO。

1──FENZHUANG。QUANBUSHIFENMO,MEIYOUXIANGHUZHANZHEDEKELI.

2──ZHANZHE。YONGSHOUZHIQINGPENGJIWEIFENMOHUOJIBENSHANGSHIFENMO,QIZHONGJIAODADETUANKUAIQINGQINGYIPENGJICHENGFENMO。

3──RUOZHANXING。YONGSHOUZHIQINGYAJICHENGKUAI。

4 ──BURONGRONGZHANJIE。YONGSHOUZHIYONGLIYACAILIECHENGXIAOKUAI,JIAOZHASHANGBIAOMIANWUGUANGZE,XIABIAOMIANSHAOYOUYINBAISEGUANGZE.

5 ──BUPENGZHANGRONGRONGZHANJIE。JIAOZHAXINGCHENGBIANPINGDEKUAI,MEILIDEJIEXIANBUYIFENQING.JIAOZHASHANGBIAOMIANYOUMINGXIANDEYINBAISEJINSHUGUANGZE,XIABIAOMIANYINBAISEGUANGZEGENGMINGXIAN。

6──WEIPENGZHANGRONGRONGZHANJIE。YONGSHOUZHIYABUSUI,JIAOZHADESHANG、XIABIAOMIANJUNYOUYINBAISEJINSHUGUANGZE,DANJIAOZHABIAOMIANJUYOUJIAOXIAODEPENGZHANGPAO.

7──PENGZHANGRONGRONGZHANJIE。JIAOZHADESHANG、XIABIAOMIANJUNYOUYINBAISEJINSHUGUANGZE,MINGXIANPENGZHANG,DANGAODUBUCHAOGUO15mm。

8──QIANGPENGZHANGRONGRONGZHANJIE。JIAOZHADESHANG、XIABIAOMIANYOUYINBAISEJINSHUGUANGZE,JIAOZHAGAODUDAYU15mm。

煤炭检测小知识

1.MEIDEBUJUNYUNDUYUEDA,YAOCAIJIDAOYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEYANGPINYUENAN。  

2.MEIZHONGHUIFENHANLIANGYUEGAO,TADEDIWEIFARELIANGJIUYUEDI。  

3.MEIZHONGHUIFEN、SHUIFEN、HUIFAFENYUGUDINGTANSIZHONGCHENGFENZHIHEYINGWEI100%。 

4.HUIFAFENYUGUDINGTANJUNSHIMEIZHONGKERANCHENGFEN。 

5.YUANMEISHIZHICONGMEIKUANGKAICAICHULAIBINGXUANCHUGUIDINGLIDUDEGANSHIHEHUANGTIEKUANGHOUDEMEI。 

6.KONGQIGANZAOJISHIYIYUKONGQISHIDUDADAOPINGHENGZHUANGTAIWEIJIZHUN。 

7.GANZAOJISHIYIJIAXIANGDEWUSHUIZHUANGTAIWEIJIZHUN。 

8.SHOUDAOJISHIYISHOUDAOZHUANGTAIWEIJIZHUN。 

9.GANZAOWUHUIJISHIYIJIAXIANGDEWUSHUIWUHUIZHUANGTAIWEIJIZHUN。  

10.MEITANDEGONGYEFENXISHISHUIFEN、HUIFEN、HUIFAFENHEGUDINGTANSIGEMEITANFENXIXIANGMUDEZONGCHENG。 

11.BIAOCHENGZUIDALIDUSHIZHISHAISHANGWULEIJIZHILIANGFENSHUZUIJIEJIN(DANBUDAYU)5%DESHAIZIXIANGYINGDESHAIKONGCHICUN。  

12.MEITANCAIYANGANCAIYANGDANYUANDEQUSHEHUAFEN,KEFENWEILIANXUCAIYANGHEJIANDUANCAIYANG。 

13.MEITANCAIYANGANZIYANGFENBUHUAFEN,KEFENWEIXITONGCAIYANG、SUIJICAIYANGHESUIJIFENCENGCAIYANG。  

14.MEITANCAIYANGANZIYANGJIANGEDEWULILIANGHUAFEN,KEFENWEISHIJIANJICAIYANGHEZHILIANGJICAIYANG。  

15.ZAICEDINGHUIFAFENSHISUOYICHUDEWUZHIBUQUANSHIMEIZHONGDEKERANWUZHI。 

16.HUIFENSHIZHIMEIYANGZAIGUIDINGTIAOJIANWANQUANRANSHAOHOUSUODEDECANLIUWU。 

17.ZAIMEIDUISHANGCAIYANG,BUNENGZUOWEIZHONGCAIJIANYANDEYANGPIN。 

18.MEIZHONGKERANLIUTONGCHANGZAIQUANLIUZHONGSUOZHANBIZHONGJIAODA。  

19.MEIDEZUIDALIDU〈100mm,MEIGEZIYANGCAIYANGLIANGBUSHAOYU4kg。